Project Loon, Internet For Everyone
What is Project Loon?
A significant number of us think about the Internet as a global group. But two-thirds of the world's populace does not yet have Internet access. Project Loon is a network of balloons running on the edge of space implement to connect users in rural and remote areas that help to fill coverage space, and bring people back online after disasters. The balloons are moved by changing their altitude to float a wind layer in the wake of recognizing the wind layer with the craved velocity and heading utilizing wind information from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Clients of the administration connect to the balloon network utilizing an exceptional Internet radio wire joined to their building. The larger part of individuals on the world needs access to the Internet. Possibly they cannot afford the cost of a connection, or none exists where they live. Of every last one of endeavors to bring those individuals on the Project Loon" sounds like the most fantastical.
But then, as you read this, approximately 75 Google balloons are airborne floating some place over the furthest reaches of the Southern Hemisphere, consequently changing their heights as per complex calculations so as to get wind flows that will keep them on course. By one year from now, Google trusts it will have the capacity to make a constant, 50 broad ring of Internet administration around the globe. Furthermore by 2016, Project Loon executive Mike Cassidy foresees the first clients in rustic South America and Southern Africa or Oceania will have the capacity to sign up for cell LTE administration gave by Google balloons. (Google is beginning in the far Southern Hemisphere, which is moderately meagerly populated, before growing somewhere else.)
How Project Loon Flies
Project Loon balloons coast in the stratosphere, twice as high as planes and the climate. In the stratosphere, there are numerous layers of wind, and each one layer of wind shifts in heading and pace. Loon balloons go where they're required by climbing or plunging into a layer of wind blowing in the fancied course of travel. By the joining forces with Telecommunications companies to impart cellular spectrum we have empowered people to connect with the balloon network directly from their telephones and other LTE-empowered device. The sign is then passed over the balloon network and back up to the global Internet on Earth.
How Project Loon is designed
For a test, recently Google launched a series of Balloon into the stratosphere over the rural areas of Newzeland on the morning of 14th June 2014. The height of the balloon is twice as the height as aeroplane and weather. After getting the details about the speed and direction of the wind, the balloon moves carefully across the stratosphere. This project is creating a network about 12.4 mile or 20km from the earth’s surface. Each balloons central control is covered by a sheet of polyethylene plastic filled with helium; it helps to resist high pressure in the stratosphere. The thickness of this sheet is about 0.076mm. This envelope has the ability to keep all the controllers in air for 100 days. Electronics box in the balloon contains an antenna to communicate with ground station and to other balloons, Flight sensor to detect other flight to escape from an accident, GPS to get the location, weather instrument to monitor weather condition and finally a circuit board to control all these components.
The power source for all these work is from an array of solar panel that was attached in the envelope of the Balloon, it produce 100 watts of power to the whole electronic components in the project balloon.
A battery is connected to the solar panel with four hours life period at night. Speed of data provided by the Project loon is similar to the speed of 3G data. Each balloon covers an area on the ground of about 24.8 miles (40km) in diameter. To get the internet access from these balloons users have to connect an antenna in their building. The transmission of data through balloon to balloon and then to a ground station which is connected to the ISP (Internet service Provider) and then to the users. This technology helps to remove expensive internet connection using fiber optics, and other type of expensive cables. This project helps to provide internet access to all users with in the balloon range and who has a receiving antenna.
The balloons that project loon will utilize will be expanded with Helium and will utilize sun powered vitality to worked. They should be work through a vertically motioned client interface. Organization will have the capacity to move the balloons around the globe by utilizing winds flows since air momentums stream in inverse headings divided by a given vertical separation. Henceforth, by controlling the balloons height, hypothetically, it is conceivable to move the balloons to their legitimate area. The issue with this engine control is the powerlessness of these balloons to stay in one spot for quite some time. Be that as it may, this issue can be overcome by in the long run having enough balloons in the sky to guarantee that there is a balloon covering each position on the globe.